What is Augmentin?
Augmentin is a combination drug, an antibiotic from the penicillin group – amoxicillin and an inhibitor of beta- lactamase (enzymes of microbial cells).
It is used to treat diseases caused by pathogens, is active against infections of the upper and lower respiratory tract, infections of the ENT organs, infections of the urinary tract, and infections of the skin and soft tissues.
Augmentin is a beta- lactam antibiotic of the penicillin series. This combination reduces antibiotic resistance (microbial resistance to antibiotics). Directly clavulanic acid or potassium clavulanate act on the beta- lactamase of the microbial cell, thereby making pathogenic microorganisms sensitive to amoxicillin.
What you need to know before you start taking Augmentin
You should not use Augmentin if you are allergic to it or if you have a history of an allergic reaction to a group of antibiotics. Since penicillins quite often cause an allergic reaction up to the appearance of anaphylactic shock (complicated immediate high sensitivity to an allergen). Penillins and cephalosporins have a similar chemical structure and therefore the latter are expected to cause allergies as well.
It is also worth refusing to take Augmentin and choose an alternative treatment if you have such conditions and contraindications how:
- severe kidney disease (or if you are on dialysis);
- problems with the functioning of the liver (or if there was a history of jaundice);
- mononucleosis (viral infection characterized by damage to the lymphatic organs);
- phenylketonuria (violation of the biochemical reaction in the body, which is associated with the accumulation of the amino acid phenylalanine in various organs and tissues, which can cause damage to the central nervous system).
Augmentin may reduce the effectiveness of oral contraceptives – this is worth considering if you are undergoing treatment with augmentin side effects and taking contraceptives, and you are not planning a pregnancy.
How to take?
Augmentin works best when taken right before meals.
Augmentin must be taken every 12 hours. That is, one dose per day is enough (for example, every morning). Augmentin tablets must be taken orally, as a whole, with a sufficient amount of water.
Before using Augmentin in the form of an oral suspension, shake the vial thoroughly. When measuring the dose, it is necessary to use only the measuring utensils that come with this dosage form. Do not use ordinary tableware, as deviations in dosage accuracy may occur.
Prepare the suspension during dosing as follows:
- knock on the bottle until all the powder flows freely;
- add about ⅔ of its total amount of water and shake vigorously to suspend (mix until smooth) the powder;
- add the rest of the water and shake the bottle again;
- after which the suspension is ready for use.
Store buy augmentin online tablets at normal room temperature, in a dry place.
Augmentin suspension in the refrigerator, it cannot be frozen, the maximum allowable low value is 2 ° C. The opened vial from the moment of its opening should be stored no longer than 10 days.
Method of application and dosage of antibiotic
Augmentin can be taken with or without food, however absorption of potassium clavulanate is increased when antibiotic is taken at the start of a meal. To minimize the chance of gastrointestinal intolerance, Augmentin should be taken at the start of a meal.
Dosage for adults
The usual adult dose is one Augmentin 500 mg tablet every 12 hours or one 250 mg tablet every 8 hours.
For more advanced infections, the dose should be one augmentin dosage 875 mg tablet every 12 hours or one 500 mg tablet every 8 hours.
For adults who have difficulty swallowing, the 125 mg/5 ml or 250 mg/5 ml suspension may be given instead of the 500 mg tablet. The 200 mg/5 ml suspension or the 400 mg/5 ml suspension can be used instead of the 875 mg tablet.
What happens when you miss the next dose of Augmentin?
Augmentin is used once a day, so if you forget to take the next dose at your regular intake time, then take it as soon as you remember. But if you miss a dose within 12 hours and it’s time for your next dose, you can’t take two doses at the same time or within 12 hours.
What cannot be done while taking antibiotic?
If you are taking a course of Augmentin, then for this period of time you should avoid taking this medicine together with or immediately after a high-fat meal, as this will make it difficult for the body to absorb the medicine.
Augmentin, like any other antibiotic, can cause diarrhea, which may be a sign of a new infection. If you develop watery or bloody diarrhea after taking this medicine, you should contact your doctor as soon as possible and do not rush to take diarrhea medicine.
What are the side effects of Augmentin?
When taking Augmentin, uncomplicated side effects may occur , which may disappear after the body adapts to the use of this medication, these include:
- disorders of the gastrointestinal tract (intestinal upset, nausea, urge to vomit) – this is due to an imbalance in the intestinal microflora;
- skin reactions (itching, redness of skin areas, diaper rash in infants) – this may be a hypersensitivity reaction to active and / or related substances;
- candidiasis of the mucous membranes – vaginal or oral (white, cheesy discharge with a lactic acid smell).
This list of side effects presented may not occur at all.
What you need to know about the drug Augmentin
Augmentin as an antibiotic is used exclusively to treat bacterial infections and acts against specific strains of microorganisms that are sensitive to this drug.